Dan Ty ba
Ty ba is a
plucking stringed instrument of the Viet majority. Some sources
proved that Ty ba has long appeared in
under the name Pipa, and Japan under Biwa.
Ty ba is made from wood of wootung tree. Its neck connects with
a sound box forming a shape of cut-half pear. The undecorated
surface is made from light and soft wood (wootung wood- Ngo Dong
wood). A bridge located at one end the body is for the strings
to cross. The head of Ty ba is sophisticatedly carved with a
longevity character, or bat figure at times. There are 4 wooden
tuning pegs on the neck of Ty ba. The whole length of the lute
body varies from 94 to 100cm. On the neck of Ty ba, there are 4
curved ivory pieces called the Four Heaven Kings. however, it
has four frets in addition to eight others made from bamboo or
wood that are located on the soundboard of Ty ba, and give
different pitches. The frets stand low and close to each other
following the heptatonic scale. In the past, people used to
utilize silk to make strings and smoothed them with beeswax.
Nowadays, nylon strings are used instead. The 4 strings are
tuned in sequence of a fourth - a second - a fourth i.e. Do - Fa
- Sol - Do1 or Sol - Do1 - Re1
- Sol1. Instrumentalist usually plays the Ty ba with
a tortoise-shell or plastic plectrum.
uses a plectrum which she holds in her right hand and plucks
either upward or downward in a quick run. The technique for the
left hand, which presses the strings, includes glissando,
staccato, arpeggio and tremolo.
Ty ba is usually performed in orchestras such as Royal
orchestras including Nha Nhac (Elegant music) and Thi Nhac (Poem
music), Thien Nhac orchestra of Buddhism, Tai Tu orchestra, Bat
Am orchestra (orchestra consists of eight musical instruments),
and integrated traditional orchestra.
Although Ty ba took its root so early in other countries, it has
been localized as time went by, and has today become an
instrument of Vietnam, which can profoundly present musical
pieces of Vietnamese style in the realm of instrumental music.
Professional Student grade:$200.00 and up, plus shipment fee
Professional Artist grade: $350.00 and up, plus
Master grade: $500.00 and up, plus shipment fee
$15.00 each plus shipment fee
available for larger orders.